What is receding gums?
Receding gums also known as Gum recession, is the exposure of the roots of the teeth caused by a loss of gum tissue surrounding the crown of the tooth. Gum recession is a common problem in adults over the age of 40.Age, Smoking, Gum diseaseand vigorous tooth brushing are the main causes gum recession.
What causes gum recession?
Here are many possible causes for gingival recession:
By far the most common cause is gum disease (periodontal disease) Inadequate brushing and flossing allows bacteria to build up between the teeth and below the gumline, which leads to painless, chronic inflammation of the gums and gradual recession, with increased tooth mobility as the supporting bone is lost.
Overaggressive brushing -which causes the enamel at the gum line to be worn away over time by scrubbing the sides of the teeth in a washboard fashion.
Improper flossing (i.e., flossing too roughly or aggressively) which may cut into the gums.
Excessive clenching and grinding of the teeth (bruxism) can sometimes worsen pre-existing periodontal disease. By itself, bruxism may cause a reversible increase in tooth mobility, but not any gum recession.
Stomach acid damage from self-induced vomiting, which may be associated with certain eating disorders